Category: Science

The Secret of Synchronization

The Secret of Synchronization

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How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico — go to https://www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50​ for 50% off your first month of any crate.

An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz — this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn’t contribute to. His Podcast “The Joy of X” is wonderful — please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts https://www.quantamagazine.org/tag/th…​

Nicky Case’s Amazing Firefly Interactive — https://ncase.me/fireflies​

Great Kuramoto Model Interactive — https://www.complexity-explorables.or…​

References:

Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. — https://ve42.co/Sync​

Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. — https://ve42.co/Strogatz2000​

Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. — https://ve42.co/Goldsztein​

The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster — https://ve42.co/Broughton​

Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens’s clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. — https://ve42.co/Bennett2002​

Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. — https://ve42.co/Pantaleone2002​

Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. — https://ve42.co/Kuramoto1975​

Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon — https://ve42.co/MinuteEarth​

Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. — https://ve42.co/Strogatz2005​

Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. — https://ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007​

Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. — https://ve42.co/Cardiac​

Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. — https://ve42.co/Cherry2008​

Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. — https://ve42.co/Tyson1994​

Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. — https://ve42.co/Winfree2001​

Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy ‘kkm’ K’Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

More footage from NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio

100 metronome video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suxu1…​

Intro animation by Jorge Cham

Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJn1s…​ and
NileRed https://youtu.be/LL3kVtc-4vY​

Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton — https://ve42.co/Cardiac​ and https://ve42.co/Cherry2008​

Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program https://www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/ou…​

Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O’Donoghue for the planetary science help

Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound https://epidemicsound.com​ “Seaweed” “Deeper Than The Ocean” “Ripple Effect”
Music also from Artlist https://artlist.com​ “Children of Mystery”

Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Solution to the Windmill Paradox

Solution to the Windmill Paradox

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Watch the bonus material cut from this video and get 26% off an annual subscription to CuriosityStream and Nebula at https://www.curiositystream.com/minut…​

The Solution to the Windmill Paradox. This video is about the tradeoff of Windmills: the fact that the more kinetic energy you extract from the wind the slower the wind goes, the less wind you have to extract energy from, etc. How much energy is the sweet spot to extract from the wind??

Support MinutePhysics on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/minutephysics​
Link to Patreon Supporters: http://www.minutephysics.com/supporters/​

MinutePhysics is on twitter – @minutephysics
And facebook – http://facebook.com/minutephysics​

Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics — all in a minute!

Created by Henry Reich

The Secret of Synchronization

The Secret of Synchronization

Advertisements

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico — go to https://www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50​ for 50% off your first month of any crate.

An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz — this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn’t contribute to. His Podcast “The Joy of X” is wonderful — please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts https://www.quantamagazine.org/tag/th…​

Nicky Case’s Amazing Firefly Interactive — https://ncase.me/fireflies​

Great Kuramoto Model Interactive — https://www.complexity-explorables.or…​

References:

Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. — https://ve42.co/Sync​

Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. — https://ve42.co/Strogatz2000​

Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. — https://ve42.co/Goldsztein​

The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster — https://ve42.co/Broughton​

Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens’s clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. — https://ve42.co/Bennett2002​

Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. — https://ve42.co/Pantaleone2002​

Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. — https://ve42.co/Kuramoto1975​

Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon — https://ve42.co/MinuteEarth​

Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. — https://ve42.co/Strogatz2005​

Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. — https://ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007​

Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. — https://ve42.co/Cardiac​

Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. — https://ve42.co/Cherry2008​

Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. — https://ve42.co/Tyson1994​

Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. — https://ve42.co/Winfree2001​

Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy ‘kkm’ K’Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albe
gfx and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

More footage from NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio

100 metronome video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suxu1…​

Intro animation by Jorge Cham

Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJn1s…​ and
NileRed https://youtu.be/LL3kVtc-4vY​

Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton — https://ve42.co/Cardiac​ and https://ve42.co/Cherry2008​

Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program https://www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/ou…​

Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O’Donoghue for the planetary science help

Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound https://epidemicsound.com​ “Seaweed” “Deeper Than The Ocean” “Ripple Effect”
Music also from Artlist https://artlist.com​ “Children of Mystery”

Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Why Do Boats Make This Shape?

Why Do Boats Make This Shape?

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Go to https://curiositystream.com/minutephy…​ to get access to CuriosityStream AND Nebula (where you can watch the extended version of this video), plus you’ll get a 26% discount on an annual subscription.

This video is about the “Kelvin wake” shape of water wakes behind boats – we talk about mach angle, dispersion, superposition of many waves, and how these all lead to the pattern of a wake. We don’t get into Froude number though…

REFERENCES
Boat Wake Wikipedia Page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wake​

Interactive Boat Wake Simulation: https://observablehq.com/@rreusser/di…​

Feynman Lectures on Water Waves: https://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.e…​

Building up a Boat Wake from V-Shaped Wakes: https://editor.p5js.org/aatish/full/b…​

Wave Dispersion: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispers…​

Mach angle shock waves:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/…​

Ship Wakes – Kelvin or Mach Angle? Rabaud and Moisy Paper: https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract…​


Support MinutePhysics on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/minutephysics​
Link to Patreon Supporters: http://www.minutephysics.com/supporters/​

MinutePhysics is on twitter – @minutephysics
And facebook – http://facebook.com/minutephysics​
And Google+ (does anyone use this any more?) – http://bit.ly/qzEwc6​

Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics — all in a minute!

Created by Henry Reich